ICAHH 2021 has planned and panel discussion with a panel experts and all the participant can join with it. The panel will consist of Archeologists, historians, policy makers and academic experts. During this panel discussion panelists will discuss about the problems which the archeologists and historians are facing during their research and excavations and this panel discussion will enhance the knowledge of everyone, who wish to initiate or expand their knowledge about ancient art, cultures and archaeology in South Asia and Asia. You can listen to archaeology experts, debate and discuss archaeological discoveries, experience the modern life and research in Asia, and build the knowledge of Asian cultures.

More details will be updated soon…

DATE – 04th June 2021
TIME – 12:45 – 14:00


– The 2nd International Conference on Archaeology, History and Heritage 2021 (ICAHH 2021) –

The International Conference on Archaeology, History and Heritage We are delighted to welcome you to the International Conference on Archaeology, History and Heritage (ICAHH 2021) in Sigiriya hosted by TIIKM. Have a great time in Sigiriya which is the heart of cultural triangle in Sri Lanka.

Touring Ancient Cities in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has a long and remarkable history which draws back to 2500 years where most of the capitals were ruled by Kings. Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa and Sigiriya are ancient cities that once were the capitals of some of the world’s great kingdoms. These ancient cities and their glorious remains that are temples, fortresses, statues and irrigation feats still have the ability to make people gaze at them with reverence. Most of the places are declared as World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO. A visit to these Sri Lankan tourist and religious sites are more than seeing; it is about discovery and wonderful experience.

The following are some of the popular ancient cities and places of Sri Lanka which you will able to visit during your stay with ICAHH 2021.

The following are some of the popular ancient cities of Sri Lanka which you may find interesting to visit during your stay.

Ancient City of Sigiriya

Sigiriya which is located 173 km away from Colombo is a small city in Matale District, Sri Lanka. This small village is a popular tourist destination due to the Sigiriya Rock fortress. As well as popular among safari lovers since Minneriya and Kaudulla National Parks are closely located.

Ancient city of Dambulla Cave Temple

Dambulla is the largest and best-preserved cave temple complex in Sri Lanka. The rock towers 160m over the surrounding plains. There are more than 80 documented caves in the surrounding area. Major attractions are spread over five caves, which contain statues and paintings. These paintings and statues are related to Gautama Buddha and his life. There are a total of 153 Buddha statues, three statues of Sri Lankan kings and four statues of gods and goddesses. The latter include Vishnu and the Ganesha. The murals cover an area of 2,100 square metres (23,000 sq ft). Depictions on the walls of the caves include the temptation by the demon Mara, and Buddha’s first sermon.

Date: 03rd June 2021

Time: 15:00 – 19:30

 Ancient City of Sigiriya Rock Fortress

This is the greatest 8th world wonder among the ancient cities of Sri Lanka that make the best display of the traditional Sri Lankan architectural design.  Also known as “ Lion’s Rock” : is an ancient spectacular rock fortress and castle/palace built by King Kasyapa situated in the central Matale District of Sri Lanka, surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs, and other structures.

The architectural and irrigational technologies of  Sigiriya, such as the Water Gardens, still   baffle engineers. The climb up steep steps of metal with railings passes a wall decorated with beautiful frescoes.  The Mirror wall is one of the most striking features. Art experts consider them unique.

Within the Sigiriya museum you will also find some of most ancient collections of the pre and post King Kasyapan period.

Date: 04th June 2021

Time: 15:00 – 19:30

 Ancient City of Anuradhapura

This is the first kingdom of Sri Lanka that have been designated as World Heritage sites by the UNESCO. Historians believe that from around 4th century BC to the 11th century AD, Anuradhapura was the capital of Sinhalese. Anuradhapura in the northern centre of Sri Lanka is where a sapling of the Bhodi tree of the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi in India, under which Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, was planted. The Sri Maha Bodhiya is the oldest documented tree that is still living. The city also has palaces, monasteries and monuments (all in ruins) that are fascinating to visit.

Ruwanwelisaya, an ancient stupa, is revered by the Buddhist community. Thuparamaya enshrines the collarbone of the Buddha and is considered to be the first dagaba, or pagoda, built in Sri Lanka. Lovamahapaya also known as the Brazen Palace is between the Ruwanvaliseya and Sri Maha Bodhiya. Jetavanarama is the largest stupa in Sri Lanka. As well as these beautiful places there are other stupas and relics, soaring over the vast acres of paddy fields in the area.

The ancient city is full of these iconic buildings, remnants of a people from a bygone era that flourished under the rule of their kings and queens. Walking amongst these ruins is a real treat, as you learn about their ways of life. The buildings were beautifully built by craftsman and adorned by artists

Date: 05th June 2021

Time: 06:30 – 18:30

 Ancient City of Ritigala Mountain

Ritigala mountain consists of four peaks which rise steeply from the surrounding plain. The mountain is 6.5 km in length, and divided into northern and southern blocks by Maha-Degala Gorge. The highest peak is Ritigala Kanda in the southern block. At 766 m (2,513 ft) above sea level, and 600 m (2,000 ft) above the surrounding plains, Ritigala is the highest mountain in northern Sri Lanka. The modern name Ritigala is derived from the ancient name Ariṭṭha Pabbata (Dreadful Mountain), mentioned in the Mahavamsa.

Its elevation is higher than the other main tourist attractions of the north central plains, namely Sigiriya, Dambulla, and Mihintale. The significance of this topographical feature lies in the abrupt sheerness of the massif, its wooded slopes, and the wet microclimate at the summit.

The ruins of Ritigala monastery are located on the eastern side of the mountain at the foot of the gorge which separates the main peak from the northern ridge of the range. The ruins cover an area of 24 hectares (59 acres). The monastery precinct begins at the office of the on-site branch of Department of Archeology of Sri Lanka close to the foot of the reservoir named Banda Pokuna. The ancient man-made reservoir is a feat of engineering with a bund of polygonal plan completing a circumference of 366 meters. The construction of the reservoir is credited to King Pandukabhaya (437 -367 BC). The reservoir possibly served a ritual bathing purpose, with visitors bathing there before entering the monastery.

Date: 05th June 2021

Time: 06:30 – 18:30

 Ancient City of Polonnaruwa

The second ancient city of Polonnaruwa was named the capital of Sri Lanka by its first King Vijayabahu I who is popular for defeating the Chola invaders in the year 1070. Moving the country’s capital to Polonnaruwa from Anuradhapura was considered to be a successful strategic move.

The golden age of Polonnaruwa begins with King Parakramabhahu I, who created the largest man-made rainwater reservoir Parakrama Samudra (sea) in the country, spanning an area of 2,500 ha and remains a primary source of water for agriculture in the district. This King improved the irrigation systems leading to great improvement in the agricultural production. South of this vast expanse of water is the standing statue of its creator carved out of rock with the king holding a stack of manuscripts written on ola leaves.

Gal Vihara at Polonnaruwa in Sri Lanka known as “The Northern Temple” is in the beginning of its history, is a cave complex, about 27 meters in length and 10 meters in height at the centre and sloping towards the ends, with sculptures carved on the solid rock in four shrines. The Gal Vihara consists of four separate images. There are also some ancient Hindu temples in the ruined city. The present day Polonnaruwa is among the Sri Lankan Archeological relic sites that are best planned.

Date: 05th June 2021

Time: 06:30 – 18:30