– The International Conference on Archaeology, History and Heritage –

We are delighted to welcome you to the International Conference on Archaeology, History and Heritage (ICAHH 2019) in Habarana hosted by TIIKM. Have a great time in Habarana which is the heart of cultural triangle in Sri Lanka.


Habarana which is located 181 km away from Colombo is a small city in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. This small village is a popular tourist destination for safari lovers since Minneriya and Kaudulla National Parks are closely located. On the other hand, Habarana is the centre point from which guests could explore ancient cities and its glorious past along with the historical value of Sri Lanka.

Touring Ancient Cities in Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has a long and remarkable history which draws back to 2500 years where most of the capitals were ruled by Kings. Anuradhapura, Polonnaruwa and Sigiriya are ancient cities that once were the capitals of some of the world’s great kingdoms. These ancient cities and their glorious remains that are temples, fortresses, statues and irrigation feats still have the ability to make people gaze at them with reverence. Most of the places are declared as World Heritage Sites by the UNESCO. A visit to these Sri Lankan tourist and religious sites are more than seeing; it is about discovery and wonderful experience.

The following are some of the popular ancient cities of Sri Lanka which you may find interesting to visit during your stay.

Ancient City of Anuradhapura

This is the first kingdom of Sri Lanka that have been designated as World Heritage sites by the UNESCO. Historians believe that from around 4th century BC to the 11th century AD, Anuradhapura was the capital of Sinhalese. Anuradhapura in the northern centre of Sri Lanka is where a sapling of the Bhodi tree of the Jaya Sri Maha Bodhi in India, under which Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, was planted. The Sri Maha Bodhiya is the oldest documented tree that is still living. The city also has palaces, monasteries and monuments (all in ruins) that are fascinating to visit.

Ruwanwelisaya, an ancient stupa, is revered by the Buddhist community. Thuparamaya enshrines the collarbone of the Buddha and is considered to be the first dagaba, or pagoda, built in Sri Lanka. Lovamahapaya also known as the Brazen Palace is between the Ruwanvaliseya and Sri Maha Bodhiya. Jetavanarama is the largest stupa in Sri Lanka. As well as these beautiful places there are other stupas and relics, soaring over the vast acres of paddy fields in the area.

the International Conference on Archaeology, History and Heritage,Ancient City Touring Ancient Cities


The ancient city is full of these iconic buildings, remnants of a people from a bygone era that flourished under the rule of their kings and queens. Walking amongst these ruins is a real treat, as you learn about their ways of life. The buildings were beautifully built by craftsman and adorned by artists

Ancient city of Polonnaruwa

The second ancient city of Polonnaruwa was named the capital of Sri Lanka by its first King Vijayabahu I who is popular for defeating the Chola invaders in the year 1070. Moving the country’s capital to Polonnaruwa from Anuradhapura was considered to be a successful strategic move.

The golden age of Polonnaruwa begins with King Parakramabhahu I, who created the largest man-made rainwater reservoir Parakrama Samudra (sea) in the country, spanning an area of 2,500 ha and remains a primary source of water for agriculture in the district. This King improved the irrigation systems leading to great improvement in the agricultural production. South of this vast expanse of water is the standing statue of its creator carved out of rock with the king holding a stack of manuscripts written on ola leaves.

Gal Vihara at Polonnaruwa in Sri Lanka known as “The Northern Temple” is in the beginning of its history, is a cave complex, about 27 meters in length and 10 meters in height at the centre and sloping towards the ends, with sculptures carved on the solid rock in four shrines. The Gal Vihara consists of four separate images. There are also some ancient Hindu temples in the ruined city. The present day Polonnaruwa is among the Sri Lankan Archeological relic sites that are best planned.

 Ancient City of Sigiriya

This is the greatest 8th world wonder among the ancient cities of Sri Lanka that make the best display of the traditional Sri Lankan architectural design.  Also known as “ Lion’s Rock” : is an ancient spectacular rock fortress and castle/palace built by King Kasyapa situated in the central Matale District of Sri Lanka, surrounded by the remains of an extensive network of gardens, reservoirs, and other structures.

The architectural and irrigational technologies of  Sigiriya, such as the Water Gardens, still   baffle engineers. The climb up steep steps of metal with railings passes a wall decorated with beautiful frescoes.  The Mirror wall is one of the most striking features. Art experts consider them unique.

Within the Sigiriya museum you will also find some of most ancient collections of the pre and post King Kasyapan period.

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